1. The world's oldest stock exchange is also located in Amsterdam.
2. The Dutch were the first Europeans to discover Australia and New Zealand in the 17th century. Australia was then named "New Holland". New Zealand was named after the province of Zeeland.Tasmania was named after Dutch explorer Abel Tasman (1603-1659).
3. The Netherlands is also known as Holland.
4. The Netherlands has the highest population density (493 inhabitants per square km - water excluded) of any European country with over 1 million inhabitants.
5. The Netherlands became the first country in the world to legalise same-sex marriages in 2001.
6. The island country of Mauritius was named in 1598 in honour of Prince Maurice of Nassau, the Stadtholder of the Netherlands at the time.
7. Keukenhof Park is the largest flower garden in the world.
8. The Netherlands closed eight prisons due to lack of criminals.
9. Dutch people are the Tallest in the world, with an average height of 184 cm for men and 170 cm for women.
10. Rotterdam is the second largest port in the world.
11. Abortion on demand at any point between conception and viability has been legal since 1981.
12. A person drinks on average 74 litres of beer a year in the Netherlands.
13. The Dutch national anthem, Wilhelmus, is the oldest in the world. It was written and first used from 1568, although it was only officially adopted in 1932.
14. The village of "Giethoorn" in the province of Overijssel, does not have any roads. All transport is done by water over one of the many canals. It is known as the; Venice of the Netherlands.
15. The KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines) is the longest running national airline in the world. It was founded in 1919.
16. The Dutch are the world's biggest coffee drinkers after the Scandinavians with an average of 140 litres of coffee a year or 3.2 cups a day.
17. Smith & Jones in Amsterdam is Europe's first and only addiction clinic, treating everything from compulsive gambling to alcoholism, and from eating disorders to video game addiction.
18. Scientists in the Netherlands are developing an ocean cleaning system which uses the ocean’s currents and a barrier to remove plastic waste. A 100 km long system will be deployed in 2020 to clean up the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.
19. Orange-coloured carrots appeared in the Netherlands in the 16th century. Before that carrots were white, yellow, black, purple or red.
20. Van Gogh Museum and the Kröller-Müller Museum house the largest Van Gogh collections in the world.
21. The Netherlands have the highest level of foreign direct investment per capita in the world.
22. 70% of the world's bacon comes from Netherlands.
23. All Dutch kids learn English in school and visitors to Amsterdam are often impressed with the fluency with which the Dutch speak English.
24. New York City started as Dutch colony called New Amsterdam.
25. In 2001, Dutch beer companies exported an astonishing volume of 1.3 billion liters of beer abroad. Half of that was shipped to the U.S.
26. Dutch drivers use the right-hand side of the road.
27. Indonesia was a Dutch colony until 1945. Jakarta was then called "Batavia", after the Latin name for the Netherlands. Dutch language is still spoken by a minority of Indonesians.
28. The crown princess of the Netherlands goes to a public school.
29. The Netherlands has a defense system where they can turn the provinces of North and South Holland into an island by flooding any potential crossings into the province.
30. Vincent van Gogh is perhaps the most famous Dutch painter.
31. Prostitution is legal in the Netherlands. However, prostitutes must be at least 18, and clients must be at least 16.
32. The Dutch have the lowest incidence of lactose intolerance of any country at only 1%.
33. About 2/3 of Netherlands is vulnerable to flooding with 20% below sea level and 50 percent less than 1m. above sea level.
34. As of 2010, the Netherlands had the highest percentage of broadband subscriptions in the world, with 38% of the population connected.
35. The Dutch city of Eindhoven is also known as the " City of Light " because the electronics giant Philips started there with products like light bulbs.
36. Gin was invented in the Netherlands. Called "jenever", it was originally used for medicinal purposes in the 16th century.
37. The Netherlands has long been one of the richest countries in the world. Its GDP per capita was estimated to be the highest in the world in 1820, and the 2nd highest in Europe in 1900 (after Belgium).
38. The highest point in Netherlands, Vaalserberg, is only 323 meters above sea level. The rest of the nation is as flat as a pancake.
39. 75% of the world's flower bulb production comes from Netherlands.
40. Dutch brewery Heineken is the 3rd largest beer brewer in the world with over 140 breweries in over 70 countries. Back home, it owns around 50 percent of the Dutch beer market.
41. The famous Dutch windmills were used to pump away water for hundreds of years.
42. The Schiphol Airport is actually 4.5 m below sea level.
43. Internationally, it's customary to give birth in a hospital, not in the Netherlands about 30% of all Dutch births happen at home.
44. Most graves are leased for 10, 15 or 20 years only and not purchased due to the short supply of grave space.
45. It is the largest exporter of cheese in the world with a dairy industry turning over around € 7 billion.
46. The main square of every city has its own brightly lit Christmas tree.
47. In the Netherlands, citizens with disabilities receive public money to pay for sexual services up to 12 times a year.
48. On average, the Dutch person cycles 2.5 km per day and 900 km per year.
49. Assisted suicide is legal in the Netherlands.
50. Parental leave for both full-time working mothers and fathers, is up to 57 days and can be taken at any time until the child is 8 years old.
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